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Abacus Maths

Abacus maths contains basically four operations: count, addition, subtraction and multiplication.

Abacus is based on two types of beads one is heaven and another is earth. Top row beads have the value of 5 and bottom row beads have the value of 1.

abacus maths
Abacus Maths

If we want to add two numbers like 5 and 3 then we can use one bead from top side and other 3 beads from bottom and get 8.

Column represents place value like units, tens, hundreds etc. Decimal place also can be used in abacus. Abacus maths learning is very useful for kids. Abacus is simple and very effective calculation utility and some time more faster then calculator. Counting can be started as placing a bead on the up position and then second and so no.

Because top beads have the value 5 so we can count 5 as placing top bead down and six as placing one bead from top and one from bottom.

For 10,11 we can use second column as tens place value and so on.

Now we see the addition and subtraction. For example you want to add 854 and 675 with abacus so you have to place 4 in first column then 5 in tens place in second column and then 8 in third column. Now for addition you will add 6 in 8 first. In abacus addition would be done from left to right unlike mathematical rule. So in third column you will add 6 as placing one bead from top side and one from bottom and then move to add 5 and 7.

For carry you will place bead on next column and would down all the beads on same column.



Time is money. Isn’t is?

Abacus is the fastest calculation technique for large numbers. Actually abacus is a child play technique, child love to learn it and also become curious about it.


Imagine, the mathematics problem 34533*45645645+7645767*65465456, how much time is required for this problem. Generally it will take some time but with abacus and vedic maths it can be calculated within seconds in mind.

Give some time to learn abacus, just one hour a day and you will be master in Abacus or in Mental Arithmetic technique. It helps also in improving deep concentration and patience.

As much as you practice, you will be more strong and sharp in abacus maths. Abacus maths learning is an interesting task. Abacus books are available now a day in which you can learn abacus techniques very easily.

Research has proved that one who strong enough in abacus and vedic maths is actually activating mind with new dimensions and it increases your brain capacity. Abacus software is also available for learning Abacus mathematical calculations.

What is Abacus ?

Before you start learning abacus techniques , I would like to tell you’re the history of abacus and vedic maths.

Abacus comes from the word abax or abakon. Which means “table” or “tablet”. When modern computer was not invented yet, abacus was a computing machine in Chines and widely used.

It has been a computing tool for thousand years in business and educational fields.

Abacus is actually an instrument which is used in addition, substraction, multiplication and division. There are many types of abacus but the basic rules are same in all the abacus instruments. In Chinese abacus there are two types of beads. One is Heaven beads and another is earth beads. Two beads in the upper side (upper deck) is known heaven beads and 5 beads in the lower side (lower deck) is known earth beads.

Heaven bead contains the value of 5 while earth bead have the value of 1.

Abacus is basically to expand the brain usage of children of small ages. It makes maths learning easy and effective.

Functions of Abacus:

There are four major functions of abacus like Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division. But it also works with decimal places and negative numbers.


Abacus does not help only in these functions but it activate the child brain and help them in visualization, visualization means they can use abacus in their hand. There is no need to use words for these functions. Another advantage is concentration, They concentrate easily with abacus. Another most important advantage of abacus is logical reasoning. There is needed logical reasoning in abacus functions so child develop their reasoning power with a simple instrument of abacus.